Yury Gagarin (1934-1968), Soviet cosmonaut and first man in space, driving through London, UK, in an open-top car. Gagarin made the first manned space flight on 12 April 1961. He orbited the Earth once in the Vostok 1 spacecraft, a flight that lasted 1 hour and 48 minutes. Gagarin became a hero in the Soviet Union and famous worldwide. He later returned to active service as a test pilot, dying in a crash during a training flight in 1968. His ashes were interred with full military honors in the Kremlin Wall. Photographed in July 1961.
Participants Soviet-American Soyuz-Apollo joint space flight, from left: Commander of the Apollo spacecraft Thomas Stafford, head of Soviet cosmonaut training, Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR Vladimir Shatalov, Commander of the Soyuz-19 spacecraft, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR Alexei Leonov. A return US visit by the Soyuz-19 crew members under the ASTP program.
Soyuz TMA-2 spaceship being launched from the Baikonur space center toward the Internaitonal Space Station. The seventh long-term Russian-US expedition: commander Yury Malenchenko and flight engineer Edward Lu--are to replace the station dwellers Nikolai Budarin (Russia), Donald Pettit and Kenneth Bowersox (USA) and keep the ISS operational for the next six months.
The Soyuz MS-10 spacecraft is lifted on the launchpad, at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, October 9, 2018. Russian spacecraft Soyuz MS-10 carrying International Space Station (ISS) crew of Roskosmos cosmonaut Aleksey Ovchinin, of Russia, and NASA astronaut Nick Hague, of the United States, will be blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on October 11.
A Soyuz-ST-B rocket is moved from its assembly building to its launch pad at the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. The Russian-built Soyuz rocket carrying four O3b satellites is scheduled to be launched by Arianespace for the global satellite operator SES on April 4.
The landing of Soyuz TMA-18M capsule carrying the year-long mission crew members, Roscosmos cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko, NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and member of the long-term expedition 45/46 to the ISS Sergei Volkov. (Photo courtesy of the Russian Federal Space Agency's Press Service.)